Electron and Proton Flux for Carbon Dioxide Reduction in During Direct Interspecies Electron Transfer.

TitleElectron and Proton Flux for Carbon Dioxide Reduction in During Direct Interspecies Electron Transfer.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsHolmes DE, Rotaru A-E, Ueki T, Shrestha PM, Ferry JG, Lovley DR
JournalFront Microbiol
Date Published2018

Direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET) is important in diverse methanogenic environments, but how methanogens participate in DIET is poorly understood. Therefore, the transcriptome of grown via DIET in co-culture with was compared with its transcriptome when grown via H interspecies transfer (HIT) with . Notably, transcripts for the FH dehydrogenase, Fpo, and the heterodisulfide reductase, HdrABC, were more abundant during growth on DIET. A model for CO reduction was developed from these results in which electrons delivered to methanophenazine in the cell membrane are transferred to Fpo. The external proton gradient necessary to drive the otherwise thermodynamically unfavorable reverse electron transport for Fpo-catalyzed F reduction is derived from protons released from metabolism. Reduced F is a direct electron donor in the carbon dioxide reduction pathway and also serves as the electron donor for the proposed HdrABC-catalyzed electron bifurcation reaction in which reduced ferredoxin (also required for carbon dioxide reduction) is generated with simultaneous reduction of CoM-S-S-CoB. Expression of genes for putative redox-active proteins predicted to be localized on the outer cell surface was higher during growth on DIET, but further analysis will be required to identify the electron transfer route to methanophenazine. The results indicate that the pathways for electron and proton flux for CO reduction during DIET are substantially different than for HIT and suggest that gene expression patterns may also be useful for determining whether are directly accepting electrons from other extracellular electron donors, such as corroding metals or electrodes.

Alternate JournalFront Microbiol
PubMed ID30631315
PubMed Central IDPMC6315138