A novel dnaC mutation that suppresses priB rep mutant phenotypes in Escherichia coli K-12.

TitleA novel dnaC mutation that suppresses priB rep mutant phenotypes in Escherichia coli K-12.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsBoonsombat R, Yeh S-P, Milne A, Sandler SJ
JournalMol Microbiol
Date Published2006 May
KeywordsDNA Replication, DNA-Binding Proteins, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli Proteins, Genes, Dominant, Genes, Lethal, Genes, Recessive, Mutant Proteins, Mutation, Phenotype, Suppression, Genetic

The loading of a replisome in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells at an origin of DNA replication and during replication restart is a highly ordered and regulated process. During replication restart in Escherichia coli, the PriA, PriB, PriC, DnaT and Rep proteins form multiple pathways that bind to repaired replication forks. These complexes are then recognized by DnaC as sites to load DnaB, the replicative helicase. Several dnaC mutations have been isolated that suppress phenotypes of some replication restart mutants. A new dnaC mutation (dnaC824) is reported here that efficiently suppresses priB rep mutant phenotypes. Furthermore, it is shown that dnaC824 will suppress phenotypes of priB priA300, rep priA300 and priB priC strains. Unlike other dnaC suppressors, it can only weakly suppress the absence of priA. Others have reported a different type of dnaC mutation, dnaC1331, is able to mimic priB mutant phenotypes. This is supported herein by showing that like dnaC1331, a priB mutation is synthetically lethal with a dam mutation and this can be rescued by a mutH mutation. Furthermore, priB dam lethality can also be suppressed by dnaC824. Like a priB mutation, a dnaC1331 mutation causes a priA2::kan-like phenotype when combined with priA300. Lastly, we show that dnaC824 is dominant to wild type and that dnaC1331 is recessive to wild type. Several models are discussed for the action of these mutant dnaC proteins in replication restart.

Alternate JournalMol. Microbiol.
PubMed ID16677308