A network of yeast basic helix-loop-helix interactions.

TitleA network of yeast basic helix-loop-helix interactions.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsRobinson KA, Koepke JI, Kharodawala M, Lopes JM
JournalNucleic Acids Res
Date Published2000 Nov 15
KeywordsDNA-Binding Proteins, Fungal Proteins, Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal, Helix-Loop-Helix Motifs, Lac Operon, Methyltransferases, Phosphatidylethanolamine N-Methyltransferase, Plasmids, Protein Binding, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Trans-Activators, Transcription Factors, Transcriptional Activation, Two-Hybrid System Techniques

The Ino4 protein belongs to the basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) family of proteins. It is known to form a dimer with Ino2p, which regulates phospholipid biosynthetic genes. Mammalian bHLH proteins have been shown to form multiple dimer combinations. However, this flexibility in dimerization had not been documented for yeast bHLH proteins. Using the yeast two-hybrid assay and a biochemical assay we show that Ino4p dimerizes with the Pho4p, Rtg1p, Rtg3p and Sgc1p bHLH proteins. Screening a yeast cDNA library identified three additional proteins that interact with Ino4p: Bck2p, YLR422W and YNR064C. The interaction with Bck2p prompted us to examine if any of the Bck2p-associated functions affect expression of phospholipid biosynthetic genes. We found that hyperosmotic growth conditions altered the growth phase regulation of a phospholipid biosynthetic gene, CHO1. There are two recent reports of initial whole genome yeast two-hybrid interactions. Interestingly, one of these reports identified five proteins that interact with Ino4p: Ino2p, Hcs1p, Apl2p, YMR317W and YNL279W. Ino2p is the only protein in common with the data presented here. Our finding that Ino4p interacts with five bHLH proteins suggests that Ino4p is likely to be a central player in the coordination of multiple biological processes.

Alternate JournalNucleic Acids Res.
PubMed ID11071933