|Cell surface display of the chlamydial glycolipid exoantigen (GLXA) demonstrated by antibody-dependent complement-mediated cytotoxicity.
|Year of Publication
|Webley WC, Vora GJ, Stuart ES
|Antibody Specificity, Chlamydia, Complement System Proteins, Glycolipids, HeLa Cells, Humans, Polysaccharides, Bacterial
The chlamydial species are Gram-negative bacterial pathogens critical to human health. Their developmental cycle is associated with the formation and release of the broadly conserved glycolipid exoantigen (GLXA), which has been implicated in the chlamydial elementary body-host cell interaction. This study examines the potential surface display of this glycolipid by chlamydiae-infected cells and the ability of the GLXA they secrete to associate with the plasma membranes of uninfected cells, a prerequisite for exerting influence on them. The sequential incubation of anti-GLXA antibody and complement with Chlamydia trachomatis serovar K or C. pneumoniae AR-39-infected HeLa 229 or macrophage cells resulted in significant cellular cytotoxicity, which preceded the formation of mature elementary bodies. For uninfected cells, co-incubation of GLXA, purified from supernatants of either C. trachomatis or C. pneumoniae-infected HeLa 229 cells, followed by the successive addition of mouse anti-GLXA antibody and complement, yielded similar levels of cellular cytotoxicity. Thus, GLXA indeed is displayed on the surface of infected cells and, therefore, if antibody of appropriate specificity were present, this GLXA could serve to target these infected cells for elimination. Furthermore, released GLXA can associate with uninfected cells and therefore would be positioned to influence their behavior, especially in the context of infection.